is mosquito coils is harmful to human cite an author and the year

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Harmful Chemicals in Mosquito Repellent | eHow- is mosquito coils is harmful to human cite an author and the year ,DEET is one of the most widely used chemicals as a mosquito repellent. While the use of DEET in lower concentrations is considered safe, when used in concentrations greater than 50 percent, DEET can produce skin irritation. Eye irritation is also common. DEET also will penetrate skin and can, in rare instances, affect the central nervous system.The Mosquito can be More Dangerous than the Mortar Round ...Though the mosquito-borne disease has long been eliminated from the United States, it remains, according to the World Health Organization, one of the most significant health threats in the world. Plasmodium falciparum, the most severe and life-threatening form of malaria-causing parasite, kills more than a million people a year.



Using charcoal as base material reduces mosquito coil ...

Apr 01, 2010·Mosquito coils have been and are still the most commonly used mosquito repellents worldwide. Based on our personal communications with a mosquito coil manufacturer, it is estimated that 45 to 50 billion mosquito coils are used annually by approximately 2 billion people worldwide.

Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy ...

Mar 15, 2011·Preliminary study on mosquito repellent and mosquitocidal activities of Ocimum gratissimum (L.) grown in eastern Nigeria. J Vector Borne Dis. pp. 45–50. Ntonifor NN, Ngufor CA, Kimbi HK, Oben BO. Traditional use of indigenous mosquito-repellents to protect humans against mosquitoes and other insect bites in a rural community of Cameroon.

Effect of Aedes aegypti exposure to spatial repellent ...

May 20, 2013·An integrated approach to reduce densities of adult Aedes aegypti inside homes is currently being evaluated under experimentally controlled field conditions. The strategy combines a spatial repellent (SR) treatment (applied indoors) with the Biogents Sentinel™ (BGS) mosquito trap positioned in the outdoor environment. In essence, when combined, the goal is to create a push-pull …

The effect of global change on mosquito-borne disease ...

More than 80% of the global population is at risk of a vector-borne disease, with mosquito-borne diseases being the largest contributor to human vector-borne disease burden. Although many global processes, such as land-use and socioeconomic change, are thought to affect mosquito-borne disease dynamics, research to date has strongly focused on the role of climate change.

A systematic review of mosquito coils and passive ...

Dec 07, 2012·Mosquito coils, vaporizer mats and emanators confer protection against mosquito bites through the spatial action of emanated vapor or airborne pyrethroid particles. These products dominate the pest control market; therefore, it is vital to characterize mosquito responses elicited by the chemical actives and their potential for disease prevention.

Effectiveness of plant-based repellents against different ...

Dec 21, 2019·Mosquito-transmitted diseases remain a main source of illness and death [].Despite decades of malaria control efforts, malaria continues to be a major worldwide public health issue with 3.3 billion persons at risk in 106 countries and territories in the tropical and subtropical areas [].It is one of the significant reasons for maternal and childhood morbidity and mortality, including low birth ...

[PDF] Effective mosquito repellent from plant based ...

All over the developing countries in the tropical region mosquito menace has been very acute leading to many diseases. Many chemicals have been used for the purpose of Mosquito repellency or killing, however they are extremely harmful for human beings as well. Recently, commercial repellent products containing plant-based ingredients have gained increasing popularity among consumers, as these ...

Mosquitoes & Disease - The Deadliest Creatures?

Most of the time, a mosquito bite is nothing more than a minor irritant that swells up, itches something fierce, then fades and is quickly forgotten. That is, unless that mosquito is carrying a bug of its own. Mosquitoes kill more than a million people across the globe every year through the transmission of dangerous viruses and parasites.

Insect repellent - Wikipedia

An insect repellent (also commonly called "bug spray") is a substance applied to skin, clothing, or other surfaces to discourage insects (and arthropods in general) from landing or climbing on that surface. Insect repellents help prevent and control the outbreak of insect-borne (and other arthropod-bourne) diseases such as malaria, Lyme disease, dengue fever, bubonic plague, river blindness ...

What are some harmful effects of mosquito coils on …

Answer (1 of 2): There have been a lot of articles over this . Burning a mosquito coil can pose more (or equal in some cases) threat to your health than a cigarette. The emitted smoke released by a coil has been proven to have traces of chemicals and other carcinogens . It attacks your respirato...

Pesticides and Public Health: Integrated Methods of ...

Mar 16, 2011·The environmental hazards precautionary statements on many mosquito insecticide labels state that insecticides are toxic to birds, fish, wildlife, aquatic invertebrates, and honeybees. Because of the low rates of application used to control mosquitoes and the special public health pest control training of most applicators, hazard to nontargeted ...

Mosquito-Borne Diseases Emergence/Resurgence and How to ...

2. Resurgence of Diseases Transmitted by Mosquitoes. The three main mosquito genera, Anopheles, Aedes, and Culex, transmit the causative agents of numerous important diseases to humans as well as animals [11,12,13,14].In this chapter, we briefly describe the resurgence of essential disease agents transmitted by mosquitoes and their impact on humans and animals.

Mosquito Coil Smoke and Respiratory Health among Hong …

Sep 01, 1994·Liu WK , Wong MH , Mui YL : Toxic effects of mosquito coil (a mosquito repellent) smoke on rats. I. Properties of the mosquito coil and its smoke. Toxicol Lett 1987;39: 223-230. Google Scholar | Crossref

A downward spiral: the hazards of mosquito coils. - Free ...

Sep 01, 2003·In many tropical and subtropical countries, burning mosquito coils is a key strategy for reducing mosquito bites. But while mosquito bites can be particularly dangerous in these areas due to endemic mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria, the prophylaxis may pose its own hazards.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND MOSQUITO REPELLENT …

incanus and to mutually compare the mosquito repellent activity of this and citronella oil (a renowned plant-based insect repellent, registered for this use in the United States and considered as a biopesticide with a non-toxic mode of action) against Anopheles ste-phensi (major vector of human malaria in Middle East and South Asia) and Culex fati-

CiteSeerX — Review Article DOI: 10.4176/090105 Is Global ...

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Abstract: The rise in the average temperature of earth has been described as global warming which is mainly attributed to the increasing phenomenon of the greenhouse effect. It is believed that global warming can have several harmful effects on human health, both directly and indirectly.

Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy ...

Mar 15, 2011·Preliminary study on mosquito repellent and mosquitocidal activities of Ocimum gratissimum (L.) grown in eastern Nigeria. J Vector Borne Dis. pp. 45–50. Ntonifor NN, Ngufor CA, Kimbi HK, Oben BO. Traditional use of indigenous mosquito-repellents to protect humans against mosquitoes and other insect bites in a rural community of Cameroon.

Dengue fever | The BMJ

Sep 15, 2015·Dengue fever is a globally important arboviral infection transmitted by mosquitoes of the Aedes genus (primarily Aedes aegypti, but also A albopictus), an insect found in tropical and subtropical regions. 1 Dengue infection causes a range of severe and non-severe clinical manifestations. 2 The incubation period is 3-14 days (average 7 days).

Mosquito coil - Wikipedia

A mosquito coil is a mosquito-repelling incense, usually made into a spiral, and typically made using dried paste of pyrethrum powder. The coil is usually held at the center of the spiral, suspending it in the air, or wedged by two pieces of fireproof netting to allow continuous smoldering.

Chemical Database: 2,4-Dinitrophenol ...

Editor's note: Some chemicals in this database contain more information than others due to the original reason this information was collected and how the compilation was accomplished. While working with material safety data sheets (MSDS), I found that manufacturers sometimes used obscure names for constituent chemicals and I didn't always have a good idea of what I was dealing with.

Household use of polluting cooking fuels and late-life ...

Estimates and 25-year trends of the global burden of disease attributable to ambient air pollution: an analysis of data from the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2015 Lancet Lond. Engl. , 389 ( 2017 ) , pp. 1907 - 1918 , 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30505-6

Sci Forschen Journal of Clinical Case Studies

A common tale told by people “burning one mosquito coil in a closed room amounts to smoking roughly 100 cigarettes” has little scientific value. It’s true that a burning coil has health effect but it’s better than having deadly mosquito bites. The key message should be to avoid prolonged exposure, especially in enclosed spaces. Some smokers

Mitigating Particulates Emitted by Mosquito Coils Using ...

Oct 18, 2011·The test aerosols used were the combustion particulates generated using mosquito repellent coils that are very often used in urban homes in the Asian and African regions. In addition to the main component allethrin, organic fillers are added to these coils to aid smouldering.

Mosquito saliva alone has profound effects on the human ...

May 17, 2018·Author summary Mosquito saliva proteins have numerous effects on the immune system, and we describe here the use of mice with a humanized immune system to study the effects of mosquito bites on human cells. Our results show that the number of immune cell types affected is much larger than previously described, and some immune responses to mosquito bites can be detected up …

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HERBAL MOSQUITO COILS “MORIZENA ...

Treatment of exposure to herbal mosquito coils “Morizena” on Aedes aegypti for 8 hours/day with concentration 500 ppm (P 1), 1000 ppm (P 2), 2000 ppm (P 3), 3000 ppm (P 4), 4000 ppm (P 5) and treatment of exposure to synthetic mosquito coils Transfluthrin 2500 ppm (K 1) as a positive control, and without treatment of exposure to mosquito ...

Exposure to mosquito coil and biomass fuel smoke and ...

Apr 29, 2021·The mosquito coil smoke turns the closed sleeping area into a ‘smoke chamber’ with the dangerous concoction of air pollutants with an exposure window of 8 h (which is the average number of sleeping hours). 29 As the mosquito coil usage is consistent throughout the year for around half the respondents and in the rainy season for the other ...